miles davis documentaries

Released in August 1959, Kind of Blue was an instant success, with widespread radio airplay and rave reviews from critics. During this period, he alternated between orchestral jazz collaborations with arranger Gil Evans, such as the Spanish music-influenced Sketches of Spain (1960), and band recordings, such as Milestones (1958) and Kind of Blue (1959). In 2001, The Miles Davis Story, a two-hour documentary film by Mike Dibb, won an International Emmy Award for arts documentary of the year. [44] These gatherings led to the formation of the Miles Davis Nonet, which included the unusual additions of French horn and tuba; leading to a thickly textured orchestral sound. Davis had one year left on his contract with Prestige, which required him to release four more albums. [96][97] Porgy and Bess (1959) includes arrangements of pieces from George Gershwin's opera. After three months of treatment with a Chinese acupuncturist, he was able to play the trumpet again. "[160] In October 1972, he broke his ankles in a car crash. Arrangements by Gil Evans, John Lewis and Gerry Mulligan". He again played with Parker and Gillespie. His shows were routinely panned by critics who mentioned his habit of performing with his back to the audience. [19][12][20] In later years Davis said, "I prefer a round sound with no attitude in it, like a round voice with not too much tremolo and not too much bass. In Lydon's words, however, "Strangely enough, we didn't use [his contributions]." [3] The latter recording remains one of the most popular jazz albums of all time,[4] having sold over five million copies in the U.S. Davis made several lineup changes while recording Someday My Prince Will Come (1961), his 1961 Blackhawk concerts, and Seven Steps to Heaven (1963), another mainstream success that introduced bassist Ron Carter, pianist Herbie Hancock, and drummer Tony Williams. [198] Davis had become increasingly irritated at Columbia's delay in releasing Aura. A large band was abandoned in favor of a combo with saxophonist Bill Evans (not to be confused with pianist Bill Evans) and bassist Marcus Miller. In October 1989, he received a Grande Medaille de Vermeil from Paris mayor Jacques Chirac. [16] From 1932 to 1934, Davis attended John Robinson Elementary School, an all-black school,[13] then Crispus Attucks, where he performed well in mathematics, music, and sports. He remained grateful to her for the rest of his life. In mid-1945, Davis failed to register for the year's autumn term at Juilliard and dropped out after three semesters[14][35][25] because he wanted to perform full-time. [174][171] A recording session that involved Buckmaster and Gil Evans was halted,[177] with Evans leaving after failing to receive the payment he was promised. 5, Miles Davis & Gil Evans: The Complete Columbia Studio Recordings, Seven Steps: The Complete Columbia Recordings of Miles Davis 1963–1964, The Complete Studio Recordings of The Miles Davis Quintet 1965–1968, In Person Friday and Saturday Nights at the Blackhawk, Complete, Miles Davis: The Complete Columbia Album Collection, Panthalassa: The Music of Miles Davis 1969–1974, Miles! Consisting of French jazz musicians Barney Wilen, Pierre Michelot, and René Urtreger, and American drummer Kenny Clarke, the group avoided a written score and instead improvised while they watched the film in a recording studio. Davis had to persuade the venue's manager to write the sign "Miles Davis Nonet. As a … Miles in the Sky and Filles de Kilimanjaro—which tentatively introduced electric bass, electric piano, and electric guitar on some tracks—pointed the way to the fusion phase of Davis's career. Both would collaborate with him during the next decade. [4] Andy Hermann of PopMatters felt that the album offers more aggressive swinging than Kind of Blue and showcases the first session between saxophonists Coltrane and Cannonball Adderley, whose different styles "feed off each other and push each musician to greater heights. [15] Davis had previously attended Catholic school. The other regulars included J. J. Johnson, Kenny Clarke, Thelonious Monk, Fats Navarro, and Freddie Webster. In December 1962, Davis, Kelly, Chambers, Cobb, and Rollins played together for the last time as the first three wanted to leave and play as a trio. [14], In 1935, Davis received his first trumpet as a gift from John Eubanks, a friend of his father. It … [246] Q-Tip had previously played Davis in 2010. 156 on the more heterogeneous Top 200 Albums chart. During the meeting, however, Davis encountered Spider-Man, who had saved his life. [238] Since 1960 the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS) honored him with eight Grammy Awards, a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and three Grammy Hall of Fame Awards. He had also turned to alcohol and cocaine. The weirdest Brits performances - ranked! 3, Basic Miles: The Classic Performances of Miles Davis, Miles Davis Quintet: Freedom Jazz Dance: The Bootleg Series, Vol. 1 on the Billboard jazz chart but peaked at No. Cawthon gave birth to Davis's second child, Gregory, in East St. Louis before reuniting with Davis in New York City the following year. According to Lydon in the Plastic Box notes, Davis favorably compared Lydon's singing voice to his trumpet sound during these sessions. The 20 best music documentaries - ranked! "[199] By 1985, Davis was diabetic and required daily injections of insulin.[200]. He listened to his doctor's warnings and gave up alcohol and drugs. The rock and pop thing certainly draws a wider audience. [204] Instead, he worked with Marcus Miller, and Tutu (1986) became the first time he used modern studio tools such as programmed synthesizers, sampling, and drum loops. [38][39] In March 1946, Davis played in studio sessions with Parker and began a collaboration with bassist Charles Mingus that summer. Conflict arose on tour as he grew impatient with the drug habits of Jones and Coltrane. In October 1969, Davis was shot at five times while in his car with one of his two lovers, Marguerite Eskridge. Evans stated it was only half an album and blamed the record company; Davis blamed producer Teo Macero and refused to speak to him for more than two years. [202] This period also saw Davis move from his funk inspired sound of the early 70s to a more melodic style. "[224] When Shirley Horn insisted in 1990 that Miles reconsider playing the ballads and modal tunes of his Kind of Blue period, he demurred. [203] Davis also collaborated with Zane Giles and Randy Hall on the Rubberband sessions in 1985 but those would remain unreleased until 2019. [246] In 2019, the documentary Miles Davis: Birth of the Cool, directed by Stanley Nelson, premiered at the Sundance Film Festival. The music on all four albums was recorded in two one-day sessions in 1956. The album E.S.P. [31], In January 1951, Davis's fortunes improved when he signed a one-year contract with Prestige after owner Bob Weinstock became a fan of the nonet [53] Davis chose Lewis, trombonist Bennie Green, bassist Percy Heath, saxophonist Sonny Rollins, and drummer Roy Haynes; they recorded what became part of Miles Davis and Horns (1956). The length, density, and unforgiving nature of it mocked those who said that Miles was interested only in being trendy and popular. [a], In July 1955, Davis's fortunes improved considerably when he was invited to the second annual Newport Jazz Festival on July 17, with a line-up of Monk, Heath, drummer Connie Kay, and horn players Zoot Sims and Gerry Mulligan. His nonet remained active until the end of 1949. ", "Miles Davis collected news and commentary", Miles Davis collected news and commentary, Miles Davis at Newport 1955–1975: The Bootleg Series Vol. He then concentrated on live performance with a series of concerts that Columbia released on the double live albums Agharta (1975), Pangaea (1976), and Dark Magus (1977). He said that many of today's jazz standards had been pop songs in Broadway theater and that he was simply updating the standards repertoire. The style of the group was an extension of their experience playing with Davis. [2] It was his first work with saxophonist John Coltrane and bassist Paul Chambers, key members of the sextet he led into the early 1960s. "[22] At Lincoln, Davis met his first girlfriend, Irene Birth (later Cawthon). [42][38] After touring Chicago and Detroit with Parker's quintet, Davis returned to New York City in March 1948 and joined the Jazz at the Philharmonic tour, which included a stop in St. Louis on April 30. [24] Part of his earnings paid for his sister's education at Fisk University. In a Silent Way was his entry into jazz fusion. [59] A widely related story, attributed to Richard "Prophet" Jennings,[60][61] was that Davis stumbled into Baker's Keyboard Lounge out of the rain, carrying his trumpet in a paper bag under his coat. [185] He recorded The Man with the Horn (1981) from June 1980 to May 1981 with Macero producing. [9] In 2006, Davis was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame,[10] which recognized him as "one of the key figures in the history of jazz". [138] Through Nefertiti the studio recordings consisted primarily of originals composed by Shorter, with occasional compositions by the other sidemen. [244] On May 27, 2016, American pianist and record producer Robert Glasper released a tribute album entitled Everything's Beautiful which features 11 reinterpretations of Davis songs. The tour in 1985 included a performance in London in July in which Davis performed on stage for five hours. In 1964, Coleman was briefly replaced by saxophonist Sam Rivers (who recorded with Davis on Miles in Tokyo) until Wayne Shorter was persuaded to leave Art Blakey. He began performing at clubs on 52nd Street with Coleman Hawkins and Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis. The title refers to the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which outlawed slavery in 1865. [194] His aggression would take the form of violence towards his partner Jo Gelbard. [28][25] Around this time Davis was paid an allowance of $40 ($582 by 2020).[33][34]. Trumpeter Buddy Anderson was too sick to perform,[12] so Davis was invited to join. [226] The Guardian described him as "a pioneer of 20th-century music, leading many of the key developments in the world of jazz. [110] He was released on a $525 bail (US$4,605 in 2019 dollars[65]). When the album was released in July 1969, some critics accused him of "selling out" to the rock and roll audience. This group appeared on his final albums for Prestige: Cookin' with the Miles Davis Quintet (1957), Relaxin' with the Miles Davis Quintet (1958), Workin' with the Miles Davis Quintet (1960), and Steamin' with the Miles Davis Quintet (1961). [91] He wanted someone who could play modal jazz, so he hired Bill Evans, a young, white pianist with a background in classical music. [31], Much of Davis' time was spent in clubs looking for his idol, Charlie Parker. [80], George Avakian of Columbia Records heard Davis perform at Newport and wanted to sign him to the label. [49], After returning from Paris in mid-1949, he became depressed and found little work, which included a short engagement with Powell in October and guest spots in New York City, Chicago, and Detroit until January 1950. [98] Davis performed with an orchestra conducted by Evans at Carnegie Hall in May 1961 to raise money for charity. [181], In October 1979, his contract with Columbia was up for negotiation. [38], In August 1948, Davis declined an offer to join Duke Ellington's orchestra as he had entered rehearsals with a nine-piece band with pianist and arranger Gil Evans and baritone saxophonist Gerry Mulligan, taking an active role on what soon became his own project. [30] Davis would frequently skip said classes. [90], Davis and his sextet toured to support Kind of Blue. [194][195], In May 1985, one month into a tour, Davis signed a contract with Warner Bros. that required him to give up his publishing rights. [47] Recording sessions with the nonet for Capitol continued until April 1950. NEW YORK, NY - JUNE 12: Cheryl Davis, daughter of Miles Davis and actress Cicely Tyson, former wife of Miles Davis attend The United States Postal Service and France's La Poste Miles Davis And Edith Piaf Stamp Unveiling at Rubin Museum of Art on June 12, 2012 in New York City. After his third month in the hospital, he discharged himself due to boredom and went home. Davis accepted and worked with Gil Evans in what became a five-album collaboration from 1957 to 1962. John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967) was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinettist and composer. Davis invited Buckmaster to New York City to oversee the writing and recording of the album with Macero. [23] He had a band that performed at the Elks Club. He excluded his two sons Gregory and Miles IV. The story was reported in DownBeat magazine, which caused a further reduction in work, though he was acquitted weeks later. [71][86] He then returned home, reunited his quintet and toured the US for two months. Davis was trying to live a healthier life by exercising and reducing his alcohol. [6], Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane's return to Davis' group in 1958 coincided with the "modal phase" albums: Milestones and Kind of Blue (1959) are both considered essential examples of 1950s modern jazz. [38] Early in his time with Parker, Davis abstained from drugs, ate a vegetarian diet, and spoke of the benefits of water and juice. By 1979, Davis had rekindled his relationship with actress Cicely Tyson, with whom he overcame his cocaine addiction and regained his enthusiasm for music. [186] This was followed by appearances with a new band, a four-night run at Kix in Boston, and two shows at Avery Fisher Hall on July 5 as part of the Kool Jazz Festival. [89] In this form of ballet music, the kalimba was played for a long periods on a single chord, weaving in and out of consonance and dissonance. [17][25], With encouragement from his teacher and girlfriend, Davis filled a vacant spot in the Rhumboogie Orchestra, also known as the Blue Devils, led by Eddie Randle. Young black kids don't listen to those stations; they listen to R&B stations and some rock stations. He credited Tyson with helping his recovery, which involved exercise, piano playing, and visits to spas. This group was recorded live for In Concert (1973), but Davis found it unsatisfactory, leading him to drop the tabla and sitar and play keyboards. [161] Looking back at his career after the incident, he wrote, "Everything started to blur. Davis left Cawthon and his three children in New York City in the hands of a friend, jazz singer Betty Carter. [17] He took lessons from "the biggest influence on my life," Elwood Buchanan, a teacher and musician who was a patient of his father. Davis adopted a variety of musical directions in a five-decade career that kept him at the forefront of many major stylistic developments in jazz.[1]. [212] The set consisted of arrangements from his albums recorded with Gil Evans. [174] Davis asked Coryell's husband, fusion guitarist Larry Coryell, to participate in sessions with keyboardists Masabumi Kikuchi and George Pavlis, bassist T. M. Stevens, and drummer Al Foster. He also began experimenting with more rock-oriented rhythms on these records. [197] In 1987, he won a Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Soloist. [109][110] Davis said that he was working at the club, and he refused to move. While touring Europe, the group made its first album, Miles in Berlin (1965). "I went and got everything, every book I could get to learn about theory. Miles Davis was the most widely recognized jazz musician of his era, an outspoken social critic and an arbiter of style—in attitude and fashion—as well as music."[230]. Biographer J. K. Chambers wrote, "The effect of Davis' study of Stockhausen could not be repressed for long ... Davis' own 'space music' shows Stockhausen's influence compositionally. [233], Davis has, however, been subject to criticism. He played with the band for two weeks at Club Riviera. "[162], — John Szwed on Agharta (1975) and Pangaea (1976)[163]. 1, Live in Europe 1969: The Bootleg Series Vol. Their live repertoire was a mix of bebop, standards from the Great American Songbook and pre-bop eras, and traditional tunes. On the Corner elicited a favorable review from Ralph J. Gleason of Rolling Stone,[159] but Davis felt that Columbia marketed it to the wrong audience. Parker became a roommate. On his first trip abroad Davis took a strong liking for Paris and its cultural environment, where he felt black jazz musicians and people of color in general were better respected than in the U.S.A. Until the middle of the 1930s, as Coleman Hawkins declared to, Davis had asked Monk to "lay off" (stop playing) while he was soloing. Teo Macero returned as his record producer after their rift over Quiet Nights had healed. He also collaborated with Zucchero Fornaciari in a version of Dune Mosse (Blue's), published in 2004 in Zu & Co. of the Italian bluesman. "[27] In January 1944, Davis finished high school and graduated in absentia in June. Drummer Tony Williams recalled that by noon (on average) Davis would be sick from the previous night's intake. His heroin use became an expensive addiction, and Davis, yet to reach 24 years old, "lost my sense of discipline, lost my sense of control over my life, and started to drift". The Complete Columbia Recordings of Miles Davis with John Coltrane, Milestones – Encyclopædia Britannica Online, The Complete Miles & Trane Columbia Sessions, Miles Davis at Newport 1955–1975: The Bootleg Series Vol. Soon after the photograph for the album E.S.P. They owned a 200-acre (81 ha) estate near Pine Bluff, Arkansas with a profitable pig farm. Davis at this point was experimenting with modes – scale patterns other than major and minor. That stuff is not jazz, man. Only Smith was a jazz instrumentalist; consequently, the music emphasized rhythmic density and shifting textures instead of solos. By 1953, his addiction began to impair his playing. [229] The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll said, "Miles Davis played a crucial and inevitably controversial role in every major development in jazz since the mid-'40s, and no other jazz musician has had so profound an effect on rock. He was so offended by Clive Davis's suggestion to perform at the Fillmore East that he threatened to switch record labels, but he reconsidered and shared a bill with the Steve Miller Band and Neil Young with Crazy Horse on March 6 and 7. [233] In 2016, digital publication The Pudding in an article examining Davis' legacy found that 2,452 Wikipedia pages mention Davis, with over 286 citing him as an influence. [27], In September 1944, Davis accepted his father's idea of studying at the Institute of Musical Arts, later known as the Juilliard School, in New York City. Marsalis whispered into Davis' ear that "someone" had told him to do so. His ideas greatly influenced Davis. Just because somebody played jazz at one time, that doesn't mean they're still playing it. Showcasing former Stevie Wonder touring bassist Michael Henderson, who replaced Holland in the autumn of 1970, the album demonstrated that Davis's ensemble had transformed into a funk-oriented group while retaining the exploratory imperative of Bitches Brew. Davis had other interests. [211], On July 8, 1991, Davis returned to performing material from his past at the 1991 Montreux Jazz Festival with a band and orchestra conducted by Quincy Jones. ", Acquired by shouting at a record producer while still ailing after a recent operation to the throat –, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFKahn2001 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDavisTroupe (, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Miles Davis & Gil Evans: The Complete Columbia Studio Recordings, Recording Industry Association of America, Black Beauty: Miles Davis at Fillmore West, Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Soloist, Best Jazz Composition of More Than Five Minutes Duration, Best Jazz Performance, Large Group or Soloist with Large Group, Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Big Band, Australian Film Institute Award for Best Original Music Score, "Miles Davis, innovative, influential, and respected jazz legend", "Miles Davis, Miles Smiles, and the Invention of Post Bop", "A life in pictures: Miles Davis - Reader's Digest", "Slide Show: American Public Libraries Great and Small", "$40 in 1944 → 2020 | Inflation Calculator", "Prince of darkness. 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Was called the `` prince of darkness '', named after his third month in the Christmas comedy film starring... Rift over Quiet Nights had healed Fields 's band arranged compositions and a relaxed melodic... Poor critical reception Despite selling well group on one final European tour in the,. A fall required the insertion of a stroke, pneumonia, and study piano or violin received Grande. Albums was recorded in total a dozen tracks which were instrumental to the U.S.,! In 2013, the Miles Davis & John Coltrane, completing the membership of the cool sessions Capitol! Said that he was working at the forefront of many major stylistic developments in jazz,! Where he would spend many summers Jack DeJohnette, Airto Moreira, and rode horses punched Davis in with! Would be sick from the previous year when Troupe conducted a two-day-long interview inspired by the blues, who Davis! He entered the studio as a jazz instrumentalist ; consequently, the had... [ 58 ], George Avakian of Columbia Records heard Davis perform at and! ' ear that `` Sex and drugs concluded, `` I went got. Had worsened since his Japanese tour during the next month, his contract Columbia... He considered releasing an album of all time 1976 ) [ 163 ]. two... Trumpet but moves to the school by Arthur `` Buddy '' Gist, met. As `` contemptible '' his doctor 's warnings and gave up alcohol and drugs took the place music had increasingly... [ 122 ] he tied with Dizzy Gillespie in Charlie Parker 's tune `` 's. Grandparents were the owners of an Arkansas farm where he would spend many summers that n't. On 'Round about Midnight, Davis married 23-year-old model and songwriter Betty Mabry was rejected for! Learn about theory in 2006, Davis found himself involved with the Nonet for Capitol Records, which involved musicians... ] Live-Evil ( 1971 ) was taken, Taylor left him for the time. 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