soviet kronshtadt class

Two mounts were abreast the forward funnel, two just abaft the rear funnel and the last two on the centerline of the aft superstructure superfiring over the rear main gun turret. Although the ships are no longer capable of venturing into open ocean, these units remain on the People's Liberation Army Navy’s list of its reserve fleet, actively used as weaponry training boats for naval militia in various military maritime districts in China. ... 219 vessels of various classes, 71 aircraft and 126 pieces of combat vehicles. They were designed in response to the battleships being built by Germany. Country Builder Location Ship Class / type Notes 12 March Soviet Union Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-198: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser : 21 March Soviet Union Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant Great for setting enemy Battleships on fire from a distance 5. Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-190: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-191: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-193: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 11 May While the Frunze was intended to use B-38 16in guns, time overruns led to 15in guns from Germany being imported to use. Stalin. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. [14], Heavy anti-aircraft (AA) fire was provided by eight 56-caliber 100 mm B-34 dual-purpose guns in four twin MZ-16 turrets mounted at the aft end of the superstructure with the aft turrets mounted inboard of the forward turrets. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. ... Kronshtadt, Tier IX Soviet Cruiser ” … These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Their rate of fire was 2.3 rounds per minute. Great for destroying enemy Destroyers from mid-range 4. Proposals were made to complete her as an aircraft carrier and as a base ship for a whaling flotilla, but both ideas were rejected and she was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947. These had two 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) stereoscopic rangefinders, one to track the target and the other to measure the range to the ship's own shell splashes. Prototypes of neither had been completed by the time the Germans invaded. Introduce Sources from Russia said that the Orion drone is a product of the Kronshtadt Group, in order to meet the Russian Army’s request for a type of unmanned combat aerial vehicle. Kronshtadt will be introduced in the game as Tier IX, no details if it will be Premium or a Reward ship. The Kharkhovskii Turbogenerator Works never completed a single turbine before the German invasion in June 1941. [12], The secondary armament consisted of eight 57-caliber B-38 152 mm guns mounted in four dual MK-4 turrets concentrated at the forward end of the superstructure. This model includes 7 ships on a sprue. The turrets were based on the MK-2 turrets planned for the Project 25 large cruiser. Shipbuilding steel proved to be in short supply in 1939–1940 and a number of batches were rejected because they did not meet specifications. Certain elements not to scale. This meant that a lot of horsepower was necessary to achieve even modest speeds. Contents The first Chinese built unit entered service in 1957 and was designated as the, Качур П. И. Большие охотники за подводными лодками проекта 122а/122бис //. The underwater protection was an American-style design with a bulge and four longitudinal bulkheads intended to withstand a 500-kilogram (1,102 lb) warhead of TNT. The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Operation Barbarossa. The lead ship of the Kronshtadt-class Sinks Graf Zeppelin 1944, Sinks Gneisenau in early 1947 in Black Sea Aircraft from the Boelcke and Peter Straßer sinks Kronshtadt prior to battle of Norwegian sea, March 25, 1947 Upload media ... Media in category "Kronshtadt class cruiser" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. [22], Sevastopol (Russian: Севастополь) was built by Shipyard No. Stalin's decision that the Project 69 ships would use three shafts increased the shaft loading and reduced propulsive efficiency, although it did shorten the length of the armored citadel and thus overall displacement. Two boats of this class, #271 & #274 participated in the Sino-South Vietnamese naval battle in the Paracel Islands on January 19, 1974, with #274 being heavily damaged; however, #274 was able to make it back to the Chinese base at Yongxing Island for emergency repair after the battle, and returned to Hainan Islands the next day. Large in size with long Rudder Shift Time 3. Lightning in the night Soviet battleships and Cruisers It is mention in Lightning in the night book that the Soviet Navy has eight battleships in service at the beginning of the war on Augusts 1st 1945.As the Soviet Union is at paece whit the United Greater German Reich (OTL Third Reich) all Battleships and Cruisers which whereunder constructionare completed. They produced a total of 210,000 shp (156,597 kW). ... the French Dunkerque class, and the modified Japanese Kongo class, which demanded a Soviet response. Most of the Soviet sub-chasers were decommissioned between 1958 and 1970, although some were in service until the 1990s as training stations. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. [9], Luftwaffe reconnaissance photo of Kronshtadt under construction in late 1941; her stern section is in the right midsection of the photograph, The Soviet shipbuilding and related industries proved to be incapable of supporting the construction of the four Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships as well as the two Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers at the same time. It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. He then asked if twin 380-millimeter (15.0 in) turrets could be used instead. Prototypes of the armament and machinery had not even been completed by 22 June 1941, almost two years after the start of construction. Furthermore the armor plants proved to be incapable of making cemented plates over 230 mm and inferior face-hardened plates had to substituted for all thicknesses over 200 millimeters (7.9 in). The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. The rather-poor Myasischev M-4 Bison jet bomber was one such project demanded by Stalin because he wanted a plane that could … [22], Side view as the design appeared in early 1939. The Project 25 design was then rejected on the grounds that it was too weak compared to foreign ships and the whole program was cancelled in early 1938 after an attempt to modify the design with larger guns had been made. She was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947 and her dismantling began shortly afterwards. Their rate of fire also varied with the elevation from 7.5 to 4.8 rounds per minute. They had a maximum range of about 30,000 meters (33,000 yd) with a 55-kilogram (121 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 950 m/s (3,100 ft/s). As well as this, twenty Project 357 (Libau class) despatch vessels were built on the same hull, but were lightly armed. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. [16] The guns fired .732-kilogram (1.61 lb) shells at a muzzle velocity of 880 m/s (2,887 ft/s). Until 1989 not even a tentative general arrangement drawing had been published; more was known even about the Sovetskii Soiuz (Project 23) class battleships. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. MS Kronstadt cruise ship ("теплоход Кронштадт" круизный корабль) is a traditional Russian river passenger ship built for the USSR (Soviet Union) in GDR (Eastern Germany). These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. ISSN, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with Russian-language external links, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II battlecruisers of the Soviet Union, Abandoned military projects of the Soviet Union, "Russian 305 mm/55 (12") B-36 Pattern 1937 305 mm/55 (12") B-50 Pattern 1940", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_12-55_B-50.htm, "Russian 152 mm/57 (6") B-38 Pattern 1938", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_6-57_m1938.htm, "Russia / USSR 100 mm/56 (3.9") B-34 Pattern 1940", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_39-56_m1940.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_37mm-67_70-K.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_15-52_skc34.htm, List of battlecruisers of the Soviet Union, Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Kronshtadt-class_battlecruiser?oldid=2662985, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 39,660 metric tons (39,034 long tons) (standard), 8,300 nautical miles (15,372 km; 9,551 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph). This was presented to the State Defense Committee on 11 February 1941, but the design was not approved until 10 April when it ordered that the first two ships be completed with German guns while the others would continue to use the 305 mm guns. [5] The new turrets required more electrical power which meant that the output of the turbo generators had to be increased to 1,300 kilowatts. Certain elements not to scale. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy … [1], However the Soviet Navy still felt a need for a fast ship that could deal with enemy cruisers and the original concept was revived as Project 69. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 09:08. With the known specs of those ships at … Initially seven mounts were planned, but the one above the conning tower was exchanged for a director for the 100 mm guns in early 1940 when the Navy realized that the other directors were blocked by the superstructure. [7], The hull form was very full with a block coefficient of 0.61 which compared badly to the 0.54 of the Dunkerque, the 0.52 of the German O-class battlecruiser or the 0.5266 of the American Alaska-class cruiser. The conning tower had 330 mm sides and a 125 mm roof with a 230 mm communications tube running down to the armor deck. She was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded. [17], The Germans sold the Soviets twelve 52-caliber 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SKC/34 guns and their associated Drh LC/34 turrets as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Lada class, Russian designation Project 677 Lada (Russian: Лада, meaning "Lada", NATO reporting name Lada) is the new advanced class of diesel-electric attack submarine designed by the Russian Rubin Design Bureau.A program to develop a "fourth generation" diesel-electric submarine, it aimed to produce a highly improved version of the Project 636 with better acoustic signature, new combat systems and … However, with the Kronshtadt, the B-38 guns were prepared in time for use on … 1,500 tons (2 active, 3 building) Vasily Bykov (2018) and Dmitriy Rogachev (2019) Novorossiysk, Black Sea Fleet Buyan and Buyan-M Class LOA 203' and 246' TDISP… They had a beam of 31.6 meters (103 ft 8 in) and at full load a draft of 9.45 meters (31 ft 0 in). Kirov-class missile cruiser at sea in 1986. [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. Two of these were protected by 20 mm (0.79 in) of armor and were mounted atop the rear superstructure and the tower-mast. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Main features of USSR Destroyers: 1. Armor plate production was even more problematic as only 27,438 metric tons (27,005 long tons) were delivered in 1940 of the anticipated 30,000–32,000 metric tons (29,526–31,495 long tons) and 30–40% of that was rejected. The ships served in 1950s–1960s on all Soviet fleets and flotillas in the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Arctic Ocean and Pacific Ocean as part of Soviet coastal anti-submarine defences. However, World War I and the Russian Civil War interrupted the construction of the Russian Borodino-class ships and all were scrapped. A revised design was finished by October which was wargamed against the Japanese Kongō-class battlecruisers, the French Dunkerque-class battleships as well as the Scharnhorst class. Санкт-Петербург, 2001. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. However, this decision occurred right before the Great Purge began to hit the Navy in August 1937 and two of the ship's designers were arrested and executed within a year. Two KDP-4t-II directors, with two 4-meter (13 ft 1 in) rangefinders each, controlled the secondary armament. McLaughlin, Stephen (2004). The dual-purpose mountings had 50 mm armor with 40-millimeter (1.6 in) barbettes. In Preston, Anthony. Kronshtadt Orion is a mid-sized UAV class, equipped with a gasoline engine with a capacity of about 100 horsepower. A total of sixteen ships were planned in the August 1939 building program, but this was scaled back to four in July 1940 and two in October 1940 when it became clear just how unprepared the Soviets were for any large-scale naval construction program. The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. The speed remained the same as the deeper draft was offset by a more efficient propeller form. A revised, 35,000-ton design with 152-millimeter (6.0 in) guns and extra armor was submitted to the State Defense Council in January 1939. [10], The main armament consisted of three electrically powered MK-15 triple turrets, each with three 54-caliber 305 mm B-50 guns. The State Defense Committee revised the requirements and specified a size about 31,000 metric tons (30,510 long tons), an armament of nine 305-millimeter (12.0 in) guns, an armor belt 250 mm (9.8 in) thick and a speed about 31–32 knots (57–59 km/h; 36–37 mph). Type: Battlecruiser Service Period: 1936-1954 … They replied that the turrets were out of production, but new ones could be built. The shipyards in Leningrad and Nikolayev had less than half the workers intended. [9], The main turrets had 305 mm faces and backs and 125-millimeter (4.9 in) sides and roofs. Thirteen of the decommissioned and disarmed ships were delivered to the DOSAAF Voluntary Society for use as training ships. Battleship Gangut-class battleship … [5], The Project 69-class ships were 250.5 meters (821 ft 10 in) long overall and had a waterline length of 240 meters (787 ft 5 in). Work on these ships ceased shortly after the German invasion. They had a maximum range of 36,520 meters (39,940 yd) with a 800-kilogram (1,800 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 820 m/s (2,700 ft/s). The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Project 25 design was accepted in mid-1937 after major revisions in the armor scheme and the machinery layout and four were ordered with construction to begin in late 1937 and early 1938. The first ship, BO-270, was built at Zelenodolsk in 1945-1947 and a total of 227 were built for Soviet Navy (175) and border guard until 1955. Титушкин С. И. Большие морские охотники проекта 122. Project 122bis (NATO codename Kronshtadt class) submarine chasers were a Soviet design which were exported throughout the communist bloc in the 1950s. 194, Marti in Leningrad. The Veer - class corvettes of the Indian Navy are a customized Indian variant of the Soviet Tarantul class They form the 22nd Killer Missile Vessel Squadron Tar. So the middle deck was thickened to 90-millimeter (3.5 in) with the lower deck intended to catch any splinters penetrating the armor deck. The model is an approximation and is not configured to represent either ship perfectly. Maximum fuel capacity was 5,570 metric tons (5,482 long tons) which gave a range of 8,300 nautical miles (15,370 km; 9,550 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph) and 6,900 nmi (12,780 km; 7,940 mi) at 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph). The admiral's bridge was protected with 50 mm armor. The displacement of the two Project 69-I-class ships increased to 36,250 metric tons (35,677 long tons) at standard load and 42,831 metric tons (42,155 long tons) at full load which increased the draft to 9.7 meters (31 ft 10 in) at full load while the waterline length grew to 242.1 meters (794 ft 3 in) simply because the extra draft submerged more of the sharply raked stem and spoon-shaped stern. [Large Seagoing Chasers of Project 122]. 100 rounds per gun were carried. The forward turrets were inboard and above the outer turrets which provided both turrets with good arcs of fire. [5] Their elevation limits were -5.5° to +30° with a fixed loading angle of 2.5°. Since the model is optimized for 1/1800th scale, it is not ideal to print larger versions due to a lack of detail. [2], This was approved and the detailed design work began with the basic concept that the ship should be superior to the Scharnhorst-class ships and able to outrun the Bismarck-class battleships. It was completed in 1948. Her dismantling began shortly afterwards and was completed the following year. Photo via German Federal Archives. The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. The normal fuel oil capacity was 2,920 metric tons (2,874 long tons), which provided an estimated endurance of 1,100 nautical miles (2,040 km; 1,270 mi) at full speed. pp. Country Builder Location Ship Class / type Notes 24 January Soviet Union Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk, Russia: BO-339: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser : 27 January United States Fore River Shipyard Battleship 'B' was redesignated as Project 25 and given the task of destroying Treaty cruisers and German pocket battleships. The detailed design was supposed to be completed by 15 October 1941, but it was rendered pointless when the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in June. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The Kronshtadt-class were a collection of two hundred and twenty-seven small submarine chasers built for the Soviet Navy immediately after WWII. Twelve 7u-bis water-tube boilers worked at a pressure of 37 kg/cm2 (3,628 kPa; 526 psi) and temperature of 380 °C (716 °F). Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR). USSR Destroyers are not so good for beginners In World of Warships, Soviet Destroyers are generally noted for their big size and hence poor concealment, good balli… KRONSHTADT, July 26. [20], The ships were originally intended to be laid down 1 September 1939, but they were delayed until November to allow improvements to the shipyards to be completed. Product Description This 1/1800 scale model represents the Kronshtadt-class submarine chasers; two hundered and twenty-seven were built. Gunnery focused with great ballistics and short-range torpedoes 2. The metacentric height was 2.8 meters (9 ft 2 in) for the 305 mm gunned ships, but dropped to 2.58 meters (8 ft 6 in) in the 380 mm gunned ships. 1/1800th scale Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser model. An attempt to import 14,000 long tons (14,225 t) of steel and armor plate from the United States in 1939 failed, probably as a result of the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Kronshtadt — Soviet promo premium Tier IX cruiser. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. A Project 122bis Kronshtadt-class chaser in the service of the, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of ships of Russia by project number, Complete Ship List of all Kronshtadt class submarine chasers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kronshtadt-class_submarine_chaser&oldid=999267448, Submarine chasers of the People's Liberation Army Navy, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3 diesel engines @ 3,600 hp "General Motors" (I series) / 3,300 hp "9D" (II series) with 3 shafts, Radar: 1 "Giuys-1" or "Zarya" (I series) / "Lin`" or/and "Neptun" (II series) search radar, Sonar: 1 "Tamir-9" or "Tamir-10" or "Tamir-11" hull mounted high frequency active sonar, 6 × "Colt-Browning" or 2M-1 12.7 mm heavy machine guns (2x3) (I series), 6 × 2M-7 14.5 mm (2x3) (last ships of II series), 2 depth charge rails (30 large & 30 small depth charges), 2 × RBU (II series) or 2 x RBU-1200 (last ships of II series) rocket launchers, In addition, 6 hulls were built at Zelenodolsk in 1954, transferred in parts by railway to, Furthermore, 14 built in China with the assistance of Soviet specialists, with 12 completed at the end of 1956 and 2 in 1957. 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